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Signs worldReading Room: Jurisdiction specific

External link = external link














See also Hong Kong


Deborah Healey, 'Mergers in China: What's the Story?' (2014) 88 Australian Law Journal 92

External linkYuanshan Li, 'A critical evaluation of the analysis of horizontal mergers under the Anti-Monopoly Law in China — what can we learn from the EU?' (PhD Thesis, University of Glasgow)

External linkK K Sharma, 'Merger Review in China and South East Asia: Does It Smell of Protectionism?' (October 2014(2)) CPI Antitrust Chronicle

Zhang Xingxiang and Frank Li, 'Joint Ventures and Merger Control in China: A Continuing Work in Progress" (2014) 10(1) Competition Law International 75-90


Tom Bridges, 'Merger Review in China' (2013) 21 Australian Journal of Competition and Consumer Law 223

External linkFei Deng, Adrian Emch and Gregory K Leonard, 'A Hard Landing in the Soft Drink Market - MOFCOM's Veto of the Coca-Cola & Huiyuan Deal' (April 2009) GCP

External linkMichael Han and Richard Hughes, 'Merger Control in China: Developments in 2012' (February 2013(2)) CPI Antitrust Chronical

External linkWei Han, 'Merger Remedies in China: Past, Present, and Future' (February 2013(2)) CPI Antitrust Chronical

External linkHerbert Smith Freehills, ‘Recent Developments in Chinese Merger Control: MOFCOM consults on draft regulations and imposes remedies in Glencore/Xstrata and Marubeni/Gavilon mergers’ (7 May 2013)

External linkJames Modrall, Matthew Bachrack and Cunzhen Huang, 'MOFCOM Publishes Draft Merger Remedy Rules' (21 May 2013) Competition Policy International

External linkSusan Ning, Pulcheria Chung, Kailin Ji and Hazel Yin, ‘China: Path towards a more streamlined merger control system – MOFCOM publishes draft rules on merger remedies’ (Mondaq, 2 May 2013)

External linkSusan Ning, Kailun Ji and Kate Peng, ‘A considerable step of Chinese antitrust regulators in the road heading for transparency’ (China Law Insight, 28 January 2013)

External linkYujing Shu, Hai-Ching Yang and Siobhan Kahmann, ‘MOFCOM opens public consultation on detailed merger remedies proposals’ (K&L Gates Legal Insight, 19 April 2013)

External linkD Daniel Sokol, 'Merger Control under China's Anti-Monopoly Law' (27 January 2013) Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-05. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2207690 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2207690

External linkXiaoye Wang and Adrian Emch, 'Five years of implementation of China’s Anti-Monopoly Law—achievements and challenges; (2013) 1(2) Journal of Antitrust Enforcement 247-271

External linkElizabeth Xiao-Ru Wang and Sharon Pang, 'A Discussion of MOFCOM's Competitive Analysis in 2012 From an Economic Perspective' (February 2013(2)) CPI Antitrust Chronical

External linkZhuowei (Joyc) Li and Ying (Tracy), ''MOFCOM's Wal-Mart Decision and Its Wider Implications' (February 2013(2)) CPI Antitrust Chronical


External link Yee Wah Chin, 'The High-Wire Balancing Act of Merger Control under China's Anti-Monopoly Law' (26 August 2012) (SSRN http://ssrn.com/abstract=2120280)

External linkJones Day, 'Lessons from Four Years of Antitrust Enforcement in China' (September 2012)

External linkEmma Davies and Ninette Dodoo, 'A Practical Guide to Chinese Merger Control' (Clifford Chance, Client Briefing)

External linkNinette Dodoo and Angie Ng, 'Assessment of information technology mergers in China' (2012) CPI International

External linkDirk Elvermann, Edwin Li and Patrick Chan, Rong Hongzhi, 'Merger Control under Chinese Law—Practical Matters from the Applicant’s Perspective ' (Winter 2012) 1(2) CPI Antitrust Chronicle

External linkMichael Gu, 'An Introduction of the Anti-Monopoly Law in China' (China Law Vision, Anjie Law Firm, 23 October 2012) (includes discussion of merger laws)

External linkFrancois Renard, 'A Practitioner's Look at Merger Control Remedies in China' (Winter 2012) 1(2) CPI Antitrust Chronicle

External linkCui Shufeng, Rong Hongzhi, 'An analysis of China's Merger Control System' (Winter 2012) 1(2) CPI Antitrust Chronicle


Adrian Emch, 'Chinese Merger Control - Where do we stand' (Spring 2011) XI(2) The Threshold 47-63

External linkJones Day, 'Antitrust Alert: China Issues Guidelines on the Assessment of Mergers Under the Anti-Monopoly Law' (September 2011) (attaches unofficial English translation of Guidelines)

Dan Wei, 'China's Anti-Monopoly Law and its Merger Enforcement: Convergence and Flexibility' (2011) Journal of International Economic Law 14(4) 807-844

External linkXinzhu Zhang and Vanessa Yanhua Zhang, 'China's Merger Control Policy: Patterns of New Developments' (2011) Competition Policy International


Yee Wah Chin, 'M&A Under China’s Anti-Monopoly Law: Emerging Patterns' ABA Business Law Section, Business Law Today, September 2010

Xinzhu Zhang and Vanessa Yanhua Zhang, 'Chinese Merger Control: Patterns and Implications' (2010) 6(2) Journal of Competition Law and Economics 477-496


Susan Beth Farmer, 'The Evolution of Chinese Merger Notification Guidelines: A Work in Progress Integrating Global Consensus and Domestic Imperatives' (2009) 18(1) Tulane Journal of International and Comparative Law; Penn State Legal Studies Research Paper No. 11-2010 (SSRN abstract http://ssrn.com/abstract=1411727)

Joel Mitnick, Chen Yang, Adrian Emch, 'The Dragon Rises: China’s Merger Control Regime One Year on' (Summer 2009) 23(3) Antitrust 53-59




Alexandr Svetlicinii and Külliki Lugenberg, ‘Merger remedies in a small market economy: the Estonian experience’ (2012) 33(10) European Competition Law Review 475-481




European Union

Books (date order)

Ioannis Kokkoris, Merger Control in Europe: The Gap in the ECMR and National Merger Legislations, Routlage, 2011 (293 pages)

external linkPJP Verloop, Merger Control in Europe: EU, Member States and Accession States, Fourth Edition, Kluwer Law International (International Competition Law Series Set) (2003) (454 pages)


external linkEU Publications on merger control



Catalin Stefan Rusu, '(Non-controlling) Minority Shareholdings as Self-Standing Transactions under EU Merger Control Analysis: Prospective Solutions' (2014) 37(4) World Competition 487–515

Gabrielle Williamson and Marie-Madeleine Husunu, 'Non-controlling Minority Sharholdings in EU Merger Control' (May 2014) 15(2) Business Law International 123


external linkGötz Drauz, Paul McGeown and Benjamin Record, 'Recent Developments in EU Merger Control' (2013) Journal of European Competition Law and Practice (online version)

external linkO Bretz and K Schallenberg, ‘Market Tests of Remedies: A Practitioners’ View’ (Concurrences No 1-2013)


Anne C Witt, 'From Airtours to Ryanair: Is the more Economic Approach to EU Merger Law Really About More Economics?' (2012) 49 Common Market Law Review 217-246


external linkDamien Geradin and Ianis Girgenson, ‘Industrial Policy and European Merger Control – A Reassessment’ (3 October 2011), TILEC Discussion Paper No 2011-053 (http://ssrn.com/abstract=1937586)


external linkJoaquin Almunia, 'The Past and the Future of Merger Control in the EU', Global Competition Review Conference, Brussels, 28 September 2010

Tim Frazer, Susan Hinchcliffe and Mark Gardner, 'The EC's Decision in Kraft Foots/Cadbury: The Assessment of Mergers Involving Consumer Products' (Fall 2010) 25 1 Antitrust 81

external linkOliver Koch, 'Yes, we can (prohibit) - The Ryanair/Aer Lingus merger before the Court' (Competition Policy Newsletter 2010-3)

external linkMassimo Motta, Michele Polo and Helder Vasconcelos, 'Merger Remedies in the European Union: An Overview' (2007) 52 (3&4) Antitrust Bulletin 603 (alternate site)


external linkRobert A Lipstein and Werner Berg, 'Merger Remedies in the US and Europe' in GLG, The International Comparative Legal Guide to Merger Control 2009, Chapter 2

Greg Olsen, 'Revised EU Merger Remedy Guidance' (Spring 2009) Antitrust 80


Akbar, Yusaf H and Gabriele GS Suder, 'The New EU Merger Regulation: Implications for EU-US Merger Strategies' (2006) 48 Thunderbird International Business Review 667


external linkEC Commission Merger Remedies Study (2005)


Lorenzo Coppi and Walker, Mike, 'Substantial convergence or parallel paths? Similarities and differences in the economic analysis of horizontal mergers in US and EU competition law' (2004) Antitrust Bulletin 101


Burnley, Richard, 'An Appropriate Jurisdictional Trigger for the EC Merger Regulation and the Question of Decentralisation' (2002) 25 World Competition 263

external linkMiguel de la Mano - For the customer’s sake: The competitive effects of efficiencies in European merger control, Enterprise Papers No 11, 2002


Angwin, Duncan, 'Mergers and Acquisitions across European Borders: National Perspectives on Preacquisition Due Diligence and the Use of Professional Advisers' (2001) 36 Journal of World Business 32


Banks, J D, 'The Development of the Concept of Extraterritoriality under European Merger Law and its Effectiveness under the Merger Regulation following the Boeing/McDonnell Douglas Decision 1997' [1998] European Competition Law Review 306


Bulmer, S J, 'Institutions and Change in the European Communities: the Case of Merger Control' (1994) 72 Public Administration 423



Buxbaum, Hannah L, 'German Legal Culture and the Globalization of Competition Law: A Historical Perspective on the Expansion of Private Antitrust Enforcement' (2005) 23 Berkeley Journal of International Law 474


Hong Kong

Ching-yi Fung, 'Hong Kong Competition Bill: One Step Forward, Two Steps Back', (2012) 35(1) World Competition 165-190




Ruchit Patel, 'The Treatment of Late Filings in Indian Merger Control' (2014) (2) World Competition 249–259


KK Sharma, 'State of Merger Control in India' (CPI, 23 July 2013)

Cyril Shroff and Nisha Kaur Uberoi, 'India's New Competition Regime Steadily Gaining Ground' (April 2013) 9(1) Competition Law International 67


externalPallavi S Schroff, 'India: Merger Control' in GCR, The Asia-Pacific Antitrust Review 2012

externalKaushal Sharma, Shankar Singham and Sriraj Venkatasamy, 'Economies (Efficiencies) - An Essential Consideration in Merger Analysis' (Presentation, 1 February 2011)

externalKK Sharma, ''New Merger Control Regime of India' (8 March 2011 - PowerPoint slides)

externalKK Sharma, 'New Combination Regulations of India' (India FDI Forum, 31 May 2011)

externalKaushal Sharma, 'SSNIP Test: A Useful Tool, Not a Panacea' (May-Jun 2011) Competition Law Reports 188-192

Neeraj Tiwari, 'Merger Under the Regime of Competition Law: A Comparative Study of the Indian Legal Framework with EC and UK' (2011) 23(1) Bond Law Review 117













New Zealand


external linkSarah Keene and Troy Pilkington, 'New Zealand', in John Davies (ed), Merger Control 2013: The international regulation of mergers and joint venturesin 73 jurisdictions worldwide , Getting the Deal Through

Michael Pickford, 'A comparison of merger regulation in New Zealand and the United States' (2012) 20 CCLJ 95


Michael Pickford, 'Merger regulation in New Zealand: Did the change from dominance to a substantial lessening of competition make a difference?' (2011) 19 Competition and Consumer Law Journal 1


South Africa



Sonia Cortes, 'Merger Control under Spanish Law' (2000) 28 International Business Lawyer 407






external linkSenguler & Senguler Law Office, Turkey: New Merger Provisions - A Review Of "Simplified Procedure" (9 November 2012, Mondaq)


Francesca R Crotti and Mine Kasman, 'Turkey's New Merger Control Legislation' (1998) European Competition Law Review 370


United Kingdom



George Cumming, Merger Decisions and the Rules of Procedure of the European Community Courts, Kluwer Law International, 2012
Reviewed by Despoina Mantzari in (2012) 35(2) World Competition 387-388 (464 pages, ISBN 9789041136718)


Steven Noë, Directory of EU Case Law on Merger Control: 'The Merger Brick' (Kluwer Law International, 2011), 644 pp., ISBN 978-90-411-3285-7
Reviewed by Despoina Mantzari in (2012) 35(2) World Competition 560

Articles and working papers


external linkLuca Aguzzoni, Elena Argentesi, Lorenzo Ciari Sr., Tomaso Duso, Massimo Tognoni, 'Ex-Post Merger Evaluation in the UK Retail Market for Books' (21 June 2013) Quaderni - Working Paper DSE N° 889 (empirical evaluation of price effects of Waterstone/Ottakar merger)


Gabi Olson-Welsh, 'Mandatory notification and the proposals by the Department of Business Innovation and skills: Is a Hybrid approach teh way forwarrd?' (2012) 11(2) Competition Law Journal 132-138

Ruchit Patel, 'BIS reforms to the UK merger regime: An opportunity missed?' (2012) 11(2) Competition Law Journal 139-153

Michael Scheidgen, 'Merging the merger authorities - an economist's view on the BIS proposal' (2012) 11(2) Competition Law Journal 123-131


Arnold, Malcolm and David Parker, 'UK Competition Policy and Shareholder Value: The Impact of Merger Inquiries' (2007) 18 British Journal of Management 27


United States


external linkMergers and Acquisitions I: Law, Merger Guiddelines, and DOJ/FTC Merger Review
Terrific collection of resources by Dale Collins at NYU School of Law (web site: Applied Antitrust: Case Development and Litigation Strategy)


External linkLeslie C Overton, 'Non-reportable Transactions and Antitrust Enforcement' (Remarks as Prepared for the 14th Annual Loyola Antitrust Colloquium, Institute for Consumer Antitrust Studies, Chicago, Illinois, 25 April 2014)


External linkRachel Brandenburger, 'Merger Enforcement in the Americas: Update from the U.S. Department of Justice' (New York State Bar Association Summer Merger Forum, New York, New York, 17 July 2012)

external linkHarry First, Eleanor Fox and Daniel E Hemli, "Procedural and Institutional Norms in Antitrust Enforcement: The U.S. System" (2012). New York University Law and Economics Working Papers. Paper 303.

James A Keyte, 'United States v H&R Block: The DOJ Invokes Brown Shoe to Shed the Oracle Albatross' (Spring 2012) Antitrust 32

external link John Kwoka, 'Does Merger Control Work? A Retrospective on US Enforcement Actions and Merger Outcomes' (April 2012) (alternate SSRN)

external linkSee also John Kwoka Jr and Daniel Greenfield, Does Merger Control Work? A Retrospective on U.S. Enforcement Actions and Merger Outcomes (November 4, 2011)

Michael Pickford, 'A comparison of merger regulation in New Zealand and the United States' (2012) 20 CCLJ 95


Rachel Brandenburger and Joseph Matelis, 'The 2010 US Horizontal Merger Guidelines: A Historical and International Perspective' (Summer 2011) 25(3) Antitrust 48

external linkLouis Kaplow, 'Market Definition and the Merger Guidelines' (Harvard Law and Economics Discussion Paper No 695, 05/11) (also available at SSRN)

external linkSharis A Pozen, 'Developments at the Antitrust Division and the 2010 Horizontal Merger Guidelines - One Year Later (ABA Section of Antitrust Law, 2011 Antitrust Fall Forum, Washington DC, 17 November 2011)

external linkCarl Shapiro, 'The 2010 Horizontal Merger Guidelines: From Hedgehog to Fox in Forty Years' (Working Paper, 10 September 2010) (SSRN)

external linkJudd E Stone and Joshua D Wright, George Mason University Law and Economics Research Paper Series 11-05 (published in Review of Industrial Organization)\


Alden F Abbott and Samuel N Weinstein, 'The New US Horizontal Merger Guidelines and International Competition Policy Convergence' (Fall 2010) 25 1 Antitrust 39

Elizabeth M Bailey, Gregory K Leonard and Lawrence Wu, 'Unilateral Competitive Effects of Mergers Between Firms with High Profit Margins' (Fall 2010) 25 1 Antitrust 28

William Blumenthal, 'Scope and Specificity in the 2010 Guidelines: A Pretty Good Balance' (Fall 2010) 25 1 Antitrust 10

external linkLeah Brannon and Kathleen Bradish, 'The Revised Horizontal Merger Guidelines: Can the Courts Be Persuaded?' (October 2010) The Antitrust Source

Jeffrey W Brennan, 'Bridge to the New Merger Guidelines: The FTC-DOJ 2006 Commentary' (Fall 2010) 25 1 Antitrust 15

external linkDennis W. Carlton and Mark Israel, 'Will the New Guidelines Clarify or Obscure Antitrust Policy?' (October 2010) The Antitrust Source

external linkSusan Creighton, '2010 Horizontal Merger Guidelines: The View from the Technology Industry' (October 2010) The Antitrust Source

external linkJay Ezrielev and Janusz A. Ordover, 'The 2010 Horizontal Merger Guidelines: A Static Compass in a Dynamic World?' (October 2010) The Antitrust Source

external linkDeborah L. Feinstein, 'The Revised Merger Guidelines: Did the Agencies Heed the Lessons of the Past?' (October 2010) The Antitrust Source

Deborah L Feinstein, 'The New Merger Guidelines: Using Statistical Analysis to Assess Their Impact' (Fall 2010) 25 1 Antitrust 5

Larry Fullerton, 'Introduction: 2010 Horizontal Merger Guidelines' (Fall 2010) 25 1 Antitrust 8

external linkDeborah A. Garza, 'Market Definition, the New Horizontal Merger Guidelines, and the Long March Away from Structural Presumptions' (October 2010) The Antitrust Source

external linkIlene Knable Gotts, 'Are the New Guidelines Representational Art or Pop Art in the End?' (October 2010) The Antitrust Source

external linkJohn D. Harkrider, 'A Return to Von's Grocery?' (October 2010) The Antitrust Source

external linkJerry Hausman, '2010 Merger Guidelines: Empirical Analysis' (October 2010) The Antitrust Source

external linkD. Bruce Hoffman and Daniel Francis, 'Including Exclusion in the 2010 Horizontal Merger Guidelines' (October 2010) The Antitrust Source

Herbert J Hovenkamp, 'Merger Policy and the 2010 Merger Guidelines; (16 October 2010; revised 3 December 2010). U Iowa Legal Studies Research Paper No. 10-34 (SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1693246)

James Langenfeld and Gregory G Wrobel, 'Upward Pricing Pressure Analysis Under the 2010 Horizontal Merger Gudelines' (Fall 2010) 25 1 Antitrust 21

M Sean Royall and Adam J Di Vincenzo, 'Evaluating Mergers Between Potential Competitors Under the New Horizontal Merger Guidelines' (Fall 2010) 25 1 Antitrust 33

external linkShearman & Sterling LLP Antitrust Group, 'The 2010 DOJ and FTC Horizontal Merger Guidelines: Increasing Realism While Reducing Predictability' (Client Publication, August 2010)

external linkGary Zanfagna, 'Pandora's Box Opened: The New Horizontal Merger Guidelines' (October 2010) The Antitrust Source


James W Brock, 'Merger policy and the Antitrust Modernization' (2009) 54 Antitrust Bulletin 337

external linkRobert A Lipstein and Werner Berg, 'Merger Remedies in the US and Europe' in GLG, The International Comparative Legal Guide to Merger Control 2009, Chapter 2

Malcolm R Pfunder, 'Acquisitions from Financially Distressed Entities Under the HSR Act' (Spring 2009) Antitrust 18


external linkOrley Ashenfelter and Daniel S Hosken, 'The Effect of Mergers on Consumer Prices: Evidence from Five Selected Case Studies', NBER Working Paper No w13859 (March 2008) (at SSRN)


External linkInternational Competition Policy Advisory Committee (ICPAC), Final Report to the Attorney General and Assistant Attorney General for Antitrust (2000)
See, in particular, chapters 2-3 relating to merger control.


Lorenzo Coppi and Walker, Mike, 'Substantial convergence or parallel paths? Similarities and differences in the economic analysis of horizontal mergers in US and EU competition law' (2004) Antitrust Bulletin 101


Baer, William J, 'Twenty years of Hart-Scott-Rodino Merger Enforcement: Reflections on Twenty Years of Merger Enforcement Under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Act ' (1997) 65 Antitrust Law Journal 825

Blumenthal, William, 'Twenty years of Hart-Scott-Rodino Merger Enforcement: Introductory Note' (1997) 65 Antitrust Law Journal 813


External linkLaurence Schumann, Robert P Rogers, James D Reitzes, 'Case Studies of the Price Effects of Horizontal Mergers' (Federal Trade Commission, Bureau of Economics, April 1992)