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Reading Room:
Vertical restraints: Resale Price Maintenance

For readings relating to vertical restraints in Australia visit the Australian reading room.

For information about the Australian law regarding vertical restraints see: RPM page and the exclusive dealing page.

This page provides links to select books and papers relating to vertical restraints generally and in jurisdictions other than Australia.






United States





Robert W Hahn, Antitrust Policy and Vertical Restraints, Brookings Institution Press (2006)


Articles, speeches, working papers



LinkPhilip Clarke and Julie Clarke, ‘Resale Price: Australian Experience and Perspectives’ (CPI Antitrust Chronicle, October 2013)

LinkClara Ingen-Housz, 'Resale Price Maintenance in Emerging Competition Regimes in Asia (ex-China)' (October 2013(2)) CPI Antitrust Chronicle

LinkHeather Irvine, 'Behind the Curve? The Treatment of Minimum Resale Price Maintenance in South Africa' (October 2013(2)) CPI Antitrust Chronicle

LinkThomas A. Lambert & Michael Sykuta, 'Why the New Evidence on Minimum Resale Price Maintenance Does Not Justify a Per Se or “Quick Look” Approach' (November 2013(1)) CPI Antitrust Chronicle (SSRN)

LinkChunfai (CF) Lui, 'A Landmark Court Ruling in China: Resale Price Maintenance as Examined in the Johnson & Johnson Case' (October 2013(2)) CPI Antitrust Chronicle

LinkChristian Riis-Madsen & Özlem Fidanboylu, 'Resale Price Maintenance - The Blurred Lines' (November 2013(1)) CPI Antitrust Chronicle

LinkAna Paula Martinez and Mariana Tavares de Araujo, 'Resale Price Maintenance in Brazil: A Moving Target' (October 2013 (2)) CPI Antitrust Chronicle

LinkAlan J Meese, 'Assorted Anti-Leegin Canards: Why Resistance is Misguided and Futile' (2013) 40(4) Florida State University Law Review 907

Wernhard Moeschel, 'Vertical price fixing: myths and loose thinking' (2013) 34(5) European Competition Law Review 233

LinkCharles Saumon, 'Resale Price Maintenance in France' (November 2013(1)) CPI Antitrust Chronicle

LinkD Daniel Sokol, 'The Transformation of Vertical Restraints: Per Se Illegality, the Rule of Reason and Per Se Legality' (Working Paper, 23 July 2013)

LinkDing Wenlian, 'Basic Elements for Analyzing Resale Price Maintenance' (October 2013(2)) CPI Antitrust Chronicle

LinkYan Yu, 'The Use of Economic Analysis in RPM Cases in China: Is There Gold at the End of the Rainbow?' (October 2013(2)) CPI Antitrust Chronicle




LinkElizabeth M Bailey and Gregory K Leonard, 'Minimum Resale Price Maintenance: Some Empirical Evidence from Maryland' (7 January 2010) (SSRN)

LinkBennett, Fletcher, Giovannetti and Stallibrass, 'Resale Price Maintenance: Explaining the controversy, and small steps towards a more nuanced policy' (30 January 2010) (MPRA)

LinkYves Botteman and Kees Jan Kuilwijk, '(Minimum) Resale Price Maintenance Under the New Guidelines: A Critique and A Suggestion' (June 2010(1)) The CPI Antitrust Journal

LinkDavid Flath, 'Resale Price Maintenance by Japanese Newspapers' (ISER Discussion Paper 787 revised, 30 September 2010) (SSRN)

LinkAndrew Gavil, 'Resale Price Maintenance in the Post-Leegin World: A Comparative Look at Recent Developments in the United States and European Union' (June 2010(1)) The CPI Antitrust Journal

LinkJeffrey Lynch Harrison, 'Dr Miles' Orphans: Vertical Conspiracy and Consignment in the Wake of Leegin' (20 February 2010) (SSRN)

LinkHerbert J Hovenkamp, 'Post-Sale Restraints and Competitive Harm (U Iowa Legal Studies Research Paper No. 10-08, 11 February 2010) (SSRN)

LinkThomas A Lambert, 'A Decision-Theoretic Rule of Reason for Minimum Resale Price Maintenance' (27 January 2010). University of Missouri School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No 2009-32 (SSRN)

LinkMarina L Lao, ' Resale Price Maintenance: The Internet Phenomenon and 'Free Rider' Issues' (1 March 2010) Antitrust Bulletin, Seton Hall Public Law Research Paper (SSRN)

Roger Blair and Jessica Haynes, 'Leegin, The Political Backlash' (January 2010) 2 The CPI Antitrust Law Journal (online for members)


LinkThomas C Arthur, 'The Core of Antitrust and the Slow Death of Dr. Miles' (2009) 62 SMU Law Review, Emory Law and Economics Research Paper No. 9-46; Emory Public Law Research Paper No 9-68. (SSRN)

LinkLinda Briceño Moraia, 'Resale Price Maintenance and Free Riding - New Insights in the USA Compared to the European Approach' (5 November 2009) GIURISPRUDENZA COMMERCIALE, Milan, Giuffrè (SSRN)

LinkDimitrios Dimitropoulos, 'Sticks and Carrots: Is Resale Price Maintenance Necessary?' (17 December 2009) (SSRN)

LinkEric Gippini-Fournier, 'Resale Price Maintenance in the EU: In Statu Quo Ante Bellum?' (21 September 2009) Fordham Corp. L. Inst - 36th Annual Conference on International Antitrust Law and Policy, 2009 (B Hawk ed, 2010) (SSRN)

LinkMarina L Lao, 'Resale Price Maintenance: A Reassessment of its Competitive Harms and Benefits' (1 June 2009) in Josef Drexl et al, More Common Ground for International Competition Law? Edward Elgar (SSRN)

LinkMarina L Lao, 'Resale Price Maintenance: A Reassessment of its Competitive Harms and Benefits 2009' (Paper prepared for the Academic Society for Competition Law (ASCOLA) Conference on 'More Common Ground for International Competition Law?' held in Washington, D.C., June 17, 2009) (SSRN)

LinkBarak Y Orbach, 'The Image Theory: RPM and the Allure of High Prices' (2010) Antitrust Bulletin (Arizona Legal Studies Discussion Paper No 09-39, 20 December 2009) (at SSRN)

LinkThomas C Arthur, 'The Core of Antitrust and the Slow Death of Dr Miles' (2009) 62 SMU Law Review (at SSRN)

LinkFrederik Van Doorn, 'Resale Price Maintenance in EC Competition Law: The Need for a Standardised Approach' (6 November 2009). (SSRN)


LinkTim Brennan, 'RPM as Exclusion: Did the U.S. Supreme Court Stumble Upon the Missing Theory of Harm?' (16 July 2008) (SSRN)

LinkKenneth G Elzinga and David E Mills, 'The Economics of Resale Price Maintenance' (31 December 31) in Kenneth G Elzinga and David E Mills (eds), Issues in Competition Law and Policy (ABA Section of Antitrust Law, 2008) (3-Volume Set) (SSRN)

LinkThomas A Lambert, 'Dr. Miles is Dead. Now What?: Structuring a Rule of Reason for Evaluating Minimum Resale Price Maintenance' (4 September 2008) University of Missouri School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No 2008-25 (SSRN)

LinkMarina L Lao, 'Free Riding: An Overstated, and Unconvincing, Explanation for Resale Price Maintenance' in Robert Pitofsky ed, How the Chicago School Overshot the Mark: The Effect of Conservative Economic Analysis on US Antitrust 196 (Oxford University Press 2008); Seton Hall Law School, Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper Series (SSRN)

LinkMarina L Lao, 'Leegin and Resale Price Maintenance - A Model for Emulation or for Caution for the World?' (2008) 39 International Review of Intellectual Property and Competition Law 253-258 (SSRN 30 November 2007)

LinkBarak Y Orbach, 'Antitrust Vertical Myopia: The Allure of High Prices' (2008) 50 Arizona Law Review 261-287 (Arizona Legal Studies Discussion Paper No 07-25, SSRN)

LinkAshley Doty Pavel, 'Leegin v. PSKS: New Standard, New Challenges'(2008) 23(1) Berkley Technology Law Journal (SSRN)

LinkRoger Blair, 'The demise of Dr Miles: Some troubling consequences' (2008) 53 The Antitrust Bulletin 133